Anyone who uses a computer has heard the term “IP Address”, but what exactly does that mean? What is an IP Address?
An IP Address, or Internet Protocol Address, is the digital “address” assigned to every device connected to the internet. Internet Protocol is the technical standard that should be followed while using the internet. This protocol was developed in the 1970s.
There are two versions of IP that support the computer network addressing. They are: Internet Protocol version 4 (IPv4) and Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6). The most commonly used version is IPv4. With this version, the IP Addresses are four bytes (or 32 bits) long. IPv6 is the newer version, which allows IP Addresses of 16 bytes (or 128 bits) long. Whichever version is used, the IP Address has two main purposes: host or network interface identification and location addressing.
IPv4 addresses are typically shown in a “dot-decimal” sequence. They are made up of four parts, using numbers that range from 0 to 255. Each part is separated by a decimal (or dot) and each group consists of 8 bits.
The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) is responsible for coordinating the global pool of IP Addresses and then providing them to the Regional Internet Registries (RIRs) so they could be assigned to end users, including internet service providers. The main address pool used by IANA was depleted on February 3, 2011. This is the date that the last blocks were assigned to the 5 RIRs.
IPv4 addresses were depleting so rapidly due to the explosive growth of the internet, that the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) was forced to look into new technologies in order to expand the address capacities. The solution they decided on was to completely redesign the Internet Protocol. In 1995, IPv6 was named as a means to replace IPv4.Anonymous Browsing, anonymous proxies, Anonymous Proxy, anonymous proxy server, Internet Privacy, internet protocol, ip address